At the alpha of the 20th century, tens of bags of newcomers from aback east accustomed in Southern California, attractive for a change. Attracted by the altitude and landscape, they congenital homes that accepted their new surroundings.
The California Craftsman bungalow saw its heyday from about 1905 to 1915, aback the charge for new apartment dovetailed with the handmade, back-to-nature appearance of the Arts and Crafts movement.
“It took off actuality because bodies who came to California at that time accepted the added airy lifestyle, the climate, the topography,” said Edward Bosley, administrator of Pasadena’s Gamble House, the figure of Craftsman architecture. “A beginning architectural appearance went with that.”
Wide, low-slung, gabled roofs emblematic of the appearance would accept groaned beneath blast elsewhere, but actuality they offered affluence of adumbration for the ample porches below.
The abounding windows additionally maximized year-round brilliant days; sleeping porches were acclimated during summer nights and, in the winter, arresting fireplaces kept the homes toasty. The breeze of beginning air and accustomed ablaze affiliated central and outdoors in a way not achievable in best added places in the country.
That abashing additionally came from the best of of bounded abstracts and finishes: California redwood, river bedrock from the Arroyo Seco, handcrafted Batchelder tiles from Pasadena, apple tones on corrective surfaces and aphotic accustomed copse for the rest.
With its apparent beams, rafters and added structural details, the Craftsman’s abridgement of affectation rebuffed careful Victorian architecture, and the accord with attributes and handmade capacity alone the bargain accumulation assembly of the Industrial Revolution.
“When you airing in, you see there is a lot of handwork in there,” said Kevin Doherty, a residential architectonics adviser and academician who lives in a 1919 Craftsman in Long Beach. “In the aback of your apperception it’s ‘Someone fabricated this, and they put a lot of time into it and a lot of adulation into it.’”
Brothers Charles and Henry Greene, architects of the Gamble House and abundant added pillars of Craftsman architecture, didn’t ad-lib the bungalow style, Bosley said, but “they aesthetic it and absolutely set a college accepted for it.”
In accession to millionaires’ mansions, they additionally congenital bashful projects and saw their designs copied, emulated and democratized, from San Diego to San Francisco.
But the appearance became so accepted that Sears, Roebuck and added manufacturers anon began aircraft pre-cut bungalow kits by the tens of thousands. Cost-cutting from buyers and builders akin led to cheaper materials, abate porches and bump and beneath built-ins.
The appearance added fell out of favor afterwards 1915, aback San Diego’s Panama-California Exposition affected Spanish and Mediterranean awakening styles. And afterwards the Second World War, bungalows seemed ancient to home buyers appetite avant-garde styles and amenities.
In the 1970s, about — fueled by the counterculture, and a admiration to embrace attributes and acknowledgment to handmade things — a renewed acknowledgment for the Arts and Crafts arose, Doherty said, and bodies began affairs and abating Craftsman homes. The Gamble House was called a civic celebrated battleground in 1977, and Pasadena’s Bungalow Heaven became a celebrated commune in 1989.
“They’re substantial, and there’s a lot of amore in those homes,” Doherty said. “It’s like actuality captivated in a absolute wonderful, old woolen blanket.”
Or, as a 1907 article in the Craftsman annual put it: “Built to clothing the needs of one abundant area of our country, it has developed a adorableness and a agreeableness of its own, and because it is genuine, it will be permanent.”
Style: California Craftsman bungalow
Features: Low-pitched, gabled roof; advanced bump accoutrement ample porches and captivated up by thick, generally cone-shaped pillars; apparent beams and rafters; decrepit copse and apple tones; congenital cabinets and furniture; aboriginal examples had bank siding, again redwood board and adhesive became added prevalent
Where to acquisition them: Pasadena’s Bungalow Heaven; Long Beach’s Belmont Heights, Bluff Heights, Bluff Park, Craftsman Village and Rose Park; Old Towne Orange; West Adams in Los Angeles; Anaheim Colony Celebrated District
Prominent architects: Charles and Henry Greene, Bernard Maybeck and David Owen Dryden
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